History of MySQL

MySQL came into being in 1979, when Michael “Monty” Widenius created a database system named UNIREG for the Swedish company TcX. UNIREG didn’t, however, have a Structured Query Language (SQL) interface—something that caused it to fall out of favor with TcX in the mid-1990s. So TcX began looking for alternatives. One of those alternatives was mSQL, a competing DBMS created by David Hughes. mSQL didn’t work for TcX either, however, so Widenius decided to create a new database server customized to his specific requirements. That system, completed and released to a small group in May 1996, became the first version of what is today known as MySQL.

A few months later, MySQL 3.11 saw its first public release as a binary distribution for Solaris. Linux source and binaries followed shortly; an enthusiastic developer community and a friendly, General Public License (GPL)-based licensing policy took care of the rest. Today, MySQL is available for a wide variety of platforms, including Linux, MacOS, and Windows, in both source and binary form. A few years later, TcX spun off MySQL AB, a private company that had sole ownership of the MySQL server source code and trademark, and was responsible for maintenance, marketing, and further development of the MySQL database server. It was managed by Michael Widenius, David Axmark, and Allan Larsson, supported by both a full-time staff and the active support of a worldwide developer community.

In 2008, MySQL AB was formally acquired by Sun Microsystems, and in 2009, Sun Microsystems was in turn acquired by Oracle, which today owns and develops the MySQL database engine. Although Oracle operates commercially in a number of different markets, the MySQL source code remains available to the community under the GNU General Public License (users can, however, purchase commercial support from MySQL).

Source of Information : MCGraw Hill - SQL the Complete Reference 3rd Edition


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